For a person who provides away ₹22 crore of his wealth each day to enhance elementary training within the nation, Azim Premji, has been an enigma. In need of being a recluse, Premji, India’s high philanthropist, and Wipro’s founder-chairman has studiously stored himself away from the media highlight, regardless that curiosity about him has by no means dimmed.
Azim Premji: The Man Past the Billions written by seasoned journalists, Sundeep Khanna and Varun Sood, provides a complete view of the lifetime of Premji, and the way he constructed a really profitable IT providers agency which is now among the many high 5 home corporations in its area.
Wipro Ltd has all the time been perceived as taking part in second fiddle to a extra flamboyant, if one can use that time period to explain an organization relatively than an individual, Infosys, one other Bengaluru-based IT providers firm. Provided that it occupies an even bigger thoughts house than Wipro does, one anticipated a minimum of a few related books on Infosys, however surprisingly, Premji’s Wipro has discovered itself shelf house sooner than its cross-city rival.
Maybe what made it simpler for the authors to take the choice to jot down a guide on Premji was his willingness to not restrain his colleagues and people near him from opening as much as the authors. However that was maybe the one simple half.
Because the author-duo within the early chapters reveal, as soon as they began researching in regards to the man and his work, Premji, as one anticipated him to, steadfastly refused to be interviewed for the guide saying that he had hardly something substantial to contribute.
These are the sort of obstacles authors writing about Indian businessmen face routinely. Not solely are there not sufficient printed materials to lean on, however because the authors level out, navigating by way of the very dynamic nature of Indian companies might be fairly a process.
The early chapters would possibly give the impression of this guide being a gushing tribute to Premji, however as one reads by way of one will realise that the authors try to construct a context for the guide earlier than taking a deep dive into the varied sides of the corporate. Because the authors rightly level out, Premji’s enterprise achievements are overshadowed by the sheer scale of his generosity although the very fact is that philanthropy was a late realisation for him.
Deal with ethics
Greater than the sheer magnitude of his philanthropy, what was evident from the start was that for Premji it was extra vital to run an moral organisation, regardless that it was simpler not to take action contemplating the truth that in its early years, company governance and transparency in conducting enterprise have been comparatively unknown phrases.
On this context, one can’t however examine Premji with NR Narayana Murthy, one of many co-founders and former chairman of Infosys. Each constructed their organisations on the bedrock of ethics and values however in sure facets they differed utterly. Whereas the co-founders of Infosys personal no more than 13 per cent of the corporate, Premji and his numerous entities personal as a lot as 74 per cent in Wipro.
Nonetheless, Premji’s determination to personal such a big stake in his firm has allowed him to drum up donations value $21 billion for his basis. Within the case of Infosys although, the co-founders’ massive heartedness in sharing the wealth with their workers is what drove them to maintain their stake to the minimal.
What can also be value noting is that Premji’s two sons, Rishad and Tariq, personal a mere ₹65 crore value of shares in Wipro.
Whereas working the corporate as ethically as was doable, given the labyrinth of rules in India, Premji was nicely served within the preliminary years by Ashok Soota, Wipro’s longest-serving CEO.
When Soota left to launch his personal firm, Mindtree, with 5 different Wiproites in 1999, the authors level out that such was Soota’s larger-than-life presence within the firm, that when he left many outsiders puzzled why the corporate’s proprietor had give up! Second, his exit, in response to them, was acrimonious partly as a result of Premji “was by no means loser both of enterprise or individuals.”
Khanna and Sood do an excellent job from right here on as they unravel for the readers behind the scenes occasions which led to the hiring of the subsequent CEO, the younger and dashing CEO of GE Medical Methods, Vivek Paul, his run-ins with Premji, which was principally centred round sharing of wealth which the CEO felt was disproportionate.
Wipro’s worker inventory possibility plan, the authors level out, was tiny in contrast with that of Infosys. Whereas by the 12 months 2000, each fourth worker at Infosys was provided shares by the corporate, at Wipro, it was lower than half that quantity. Regardless of Paul’s finest efforts, the inventory possibility scheme remained “slender in scale and lacked depth.”
The Infosys-Wipro rivalry
Journalists who observe the IT providers sector are nicely conscious of the rivalry between Infosys and Wipro, which for an outsider relies on mutual respect. Each Premji and Murthy too have on a number of events acknowledged one another’s contribution in the direction of creating shareholders’ wealth, in addition to giving again to society and constructing a number of the best establishments within the nation.
Nonetheless, in response to the authors, there was an “extreme focus by Wipro’s senior management staff on what its rivals, particularly Infosys, have been doing, (which) grew to become certainly one of its greatest issues.”
To the credit score of the authors, they maintain again no punches whereas articulating the a number of missteps Wipro took. In response to a former board member of Wipro, Premji believed that he had the loyalty of his individuals, however he didn’t construct and protect this loyalty by paying excessive salaries. One other was on Wipro’s incapability to maintain tempo with its friends and that it squandered its management place in a number of the enterprise areas the place it was method forward of its opponents within the preliminary phases.
The occasions surrounding Wipro’s experiment with the joint-CEO construction in 2008 adopted by its dismantling is one other incident which has been captured with none bias seeping into the narration.
The experiment with the joint-CEOs was sure to finish badly and it was one thing Wipro didn’t deal with fairly nicely, the authors be aware. Apparently, it left each the CEOs, Girish Paranjpe and Suresh Vaswani, crushed after they have been knowledgeable by the board that the present construction was being scrapped and it might change again to the only CEO mannequin.
Per week later, each Paranjpe and Vaswani wrote separate emails to Premji telling him how wronged they felt due to the choice of the board and the injury that it had precipitated to their repute. “We should be born once more to get one other probability to construct our repute,” wrote Paranjpe in his mail, kind of encapsulating the sort of remedy that they believed had been meted out to them.
Each Khanna and Sood have written the guide with as a lot honesty and sincerity as is feasible. Within the pecking order, Wipro might need slipped badly in latest instances, however that ought to not take away any credit score from the founder who has given India certainly one of its best corporations, admired globally for its uncompromising ethics and finest practices in enterprise.
His severest critics would possibly find yourself doing a little bit of nitpicking, however one can solely doff one’s hat and admire Premji for his generosity, that is still unparalleled within the nation’s company world.
MEET THE AUTHOR
Sundeep Khanna is a daily columnist for Cash Management in addition to The Morning Context, a subscription-only enterprise information outlet.
Varun Sood is a Bengaluru-based expertise journalist.