How Antrix misplaced $1.2-b arbitration award to Devas at Washington court docket


Antrix’s choice to not appoint an arbitrator on the proceedings held on the Worldwide Chamber of Commerce (ICC) in 2011 has come again to hang-out the business arm of the Indian Area Analysis Group (ISRO) in its ten-year-old battle with Devas Multimedia.

The US federal court docket for the Western District of Washington, which has now requested Antrix Company to pay $1.2 billion to Devas Multimedia as per the arbitration award of the ICC, relied on the proceedings on the ICC to uphold the arbitration award.

Additionally learn: US court docket upholds ICC arbitration award, tells Antrix to pay $1.2 b to Devas Multimedia

“The ICC gave respondent (Antrix) not less than three alternatives to nominate its personal arbitrator in accordance with the settlement and the ICC guidelines, and respondent by no means did so. The court docket additionally notes that though respondent challenged the ICC’s jurisdiction to arbitrate the dispute, it by no means particularly challenged the ICC’s appointment of former Supreme Court docket Chief Justice Dr AS Anand on its behalf,” the US federal court docket for the Western District of Washington noticed in its order on October 27.

Satellite tv for pc constructing settlement

The arbitration award was given in 2015 after Antrix cancelled an settlement to construct, launch, and function two satellites and make accessible 70 MHz of S-band spectrum. Devas had challenged Antrix’s choice to cancel a 2005 contract for constructing two satellites for Devas, citing alleged irregularities within the deal. The choice was backed by the then UPA authorities.

The US court docket, nevertheless, mentioned Antrix “doesn’t argue, not to mention cite any information displaying, that the settlement was the product of corruption or that the respondent (Antrix) annulled the settlement on that foundation.”

Additionally learn: Antrix-Devas case: Phrases that misplaced India the battle of The Hague

In July 2011, after Devas had commenced the arbitration within the ICC Court docket, Antrix didn’t reply to the ICC’s request to appoint an arbitrator and as a substitute challenged its jurisdiction to arbitrate the events’ dispute. In August 2011, the ICC knowledgeable the events that the “arbitration shall proceed” pursuant to the ICC guidelines, and the ICC once more requested that Antrix appoint an arbitrator inside 21 days. On October 13, 2011, the ICC appointed former Supreme Court docket Chief Justice AS Anand on Antrix’s behalf.

In Might 2013, the Supreme Court docket held that the proceedings initiated below ICC couldn’t be interfered with. Antrix saved arguing that the ICC lacked jurisdiction to arbitrate the dispute. It adopted the identical tactic within the US court docket.

US court docket ruling

Nonetheless, Decide Thomas S Zilly, US District Decide, Western District of Washington, Seattle, mentioned: “ Respondent (Antrix) has not met its substantial burden to indicate that the ICC’s appointment of an arbitrator on its behalf is a floor for refusing to verify the award. Whereas the events’ settlement gives that “one [arbitrator is] to be appointed by every social gathering,” it doesn’t deal with what follows when a celebration altogether refuses to nominate an arbitrator. The court docket concludes that respondent’s repeated refusal to nominate an arbitrator with respect to the ICC arbitration basically operated as a forfeiture of its proper to take action.”

Devas had filed a plea within the US court docket looking for enforcement of the arbitration award given by the ICC. Antrix as soon as once more questioned the jurisdiction of the US court docket within the case. The US court docket rejected Antrix’s objection stating that whereas international entities are usually “immune from the jurisdiction of the courts of the US,” there may be an exception when a celebration seeks to verify an arbitral award in opposition to the international state that’s “ruled by a treaty or different worldwide settlement in power for the US calling for the popularity and enforcement of arbitral awards.”

Absence of key officers

Specialists mentioned that the defence put up by Antrix might have been stronger had it produced key officers who handled the case, together with Ok Radhakrishnan, who was the Chairman of the Area Fee between 2009 and 2011, G Balachandran, then Further Secretary, Division of Area, or Geeta Varadhan, Director of Particular Initiatives on the Division of Area.

The Everlasting Court docket of Arbitration (PCA) tribunal primarily based in The Hague had additionally made this statement whereas ruling in opposition to Antrix in 2016. Balachandran had in truth recommended to contest the go well with by Devas by questioning the possession of IPR on the expertise for use by the corporate below the 2005 settlement with Antrix.

Antrix might have additionally taken cowl of nationwide safety to clarify the anulment of the deal however a press launch issued after the Cupboard assembly in February 2011 acknowledged that the deal was being cancelled as a result of “the wants of defence, para-military forces and different public utility providers in addition to for societal wants, and having regard to the wants of the nation’s strategic necessities…”

The tribunal at Hague, in its ruling of July 25, 2016, held that the expressions “strategic wants” or “strategic necessities” coated a spread of actions that went far past the navy or paramilitary sectors or the “important safety pursuits” of India.

Timeline of case

January 2005 Devas Multimedia signed settlement with Antrix Corp, below which the latter agreed to construct, launch, and function two satellites and make accessible 70 MHz of S-band spectrum

February 2011 Antrix scrapped the deal after allegations of irregularities within the course of adopted

June 2011 Devas commenced arbitration proceedings in accordance with the Guidelines of Arbitration of the Worldwide Chamber of Commerce (ICC)

August 2011 Antrix filed a petition with the Supreme Court docket of India looking for to proceed below the foundations and procedures of UNCITRAL

Might 2013 The Supreme Court docket held that the proceedings initiated below ICC couldn’t be interfered with

September 2015 A 3-member ICC panel concluded that Antrix wrongfully scrapped deal and awarded Devas $562.5 million plus curiosity

September 2015 Devas filed plea in Delhi Excessive Court docket to implement the award

October 2016 Antrix challenged ICC award in Bengaluru court docket

September 2018 Devas filed plea in US court docket looking for enforcement of the award

October 2020 US court docket requested Antrix to pay the arbitration award to Devas



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