A case for ‘peace journalism’

2020/10 16 15:10

Written by Vijay Darda

October 16, 2020 eight:28:00 pm

Ayodhya verdict, Babri Masjid verdict, Krishna Janmabhoomi, Ram Janmabhoomi, Express Opinion, Indian ExpressThe very fact is the media is proving incapable of adjudicating its position correctly.

Let’s check out two current developments. The Ayodhya imbroglio has simply been resolved and a few individuals have already began reviving the contentious problems with Krishna Janmabhoomi and Kashi Vishwanath temples. However, a warfare has damaged out between Armenia and Azerbaijan. On the floor, there seems to be no similarity between these two incidents. But when we glance deeper, we discover that non secular acrimony is the widespread root of those incidents. In India, a fundamentalist phase of the Hindutva forces desires to by some means obliterate the mosques positioned subsequent to Krishna Janmabhoomi and Kashi Vishwanath temples. Equally, Azerbaijan is an Islamic nation and it’s making an attempt to free from Armenia a bit of land the place individuals from totally different communities reside peaceably however Muslims are in higher quantity. Turkey has joined the combat with Azerbaijan solely as a result of it’s an Islamic nation. There are experiences that Pakistan helps Azerbaijan within the warfare, too. Faith is all they care about.

There are various such cases, the place ideological fanaticism and dissension arising from faith are aggravating the state of affairs. The media, after all, has the accountability to deliver all such incidents to the fore and supply data to the individuals in easy phrases. It’s a particularly powerful job. Ought to it report solely the incidents? How ought to the media get all the way down to the basis of the issue and report the reality with out additional aggravating the battle? The very fact is the media is proving incapable of adjudicating its position correctly.

In India, a really small part of the media is assembly this problem adequately. If a mob lynching is reported anyplace in India, totally different media teams take opposing stands. In making an attempt to deliver out the magnitude of crime, they begin selling disharmony between the 2 communities. There are not any makes an attempt to point that they’re making an attempt to dealer peace with their journalism. That is the case with not simply India alone; media the world over lacks the agenda of peace.

From Pakistan to Iraq, Israel to Syria and Myanmar, from the US roiled by #BlackLivesMatter to components of Europe the place anti-immigrant rhetoric runs excessive, what position can the media play to discover a resolution to the tensions? Why is there a notion in public that the media is usually including gas to the fireplace?

These questions hang-out all of us within the media world as a result of information is what has gone flawed. Ordinarily, we solely dish out bald details or figures — how many individuals have been killed, which communities have been concerned or affected, what number of homes have been destroyed, and so forth. By merely placing out details and figures when a battle happens, we’re solely doing a form of journalism which I dare to model as “warfare journalism”. We aren’t doing the form of journalism that such disaster conditions warrant. Then what sort of journalism ought to we observe? Positively not the current type of “warfare journalism” or “journalism of peace”.

So what’s “peace journalism”? And why is “factual journalism” or “journalism of peace” inadequate for us? As a result of once we practise “factual journalism”, we current details and figures. And once we do “journalism of peace”, we restrain ourselves from making any remark or remarks that will worsen the state of affairs. “Peace journalism” mandates us to go to the basis explanation for the battle, research all points involved, analyse them totally and are available out with a attainable resolution too.

The idea of “peace journalism” was proposed by Norwegian sociologist and the principal founding father of the self-discipline of Peace and Battle Research, Johan Galtung. Analysis reveals that information about battle typically has a price bias in direction of violence. So such bias might be corrected by “peace journalism”, which, in different phrases, will be described as “battle resolution journalism” or “battle delicate journalism”. “Peace journalism is when editors and reporters make decisions — about what to report, and find out how to report it — that create alternatives for society at massive to contemplate and to worth non-violent responses to battle,” says Jake Lynch, chair of the Division of Peace and Battle Research (DPACS) on the College of Sydney.

Within the 18th century, notably through the pandemics, we had “illness journalists”, who reported intimately how epidemics have been spreading and the way individuals suffered, however little was recognized about cures and, due to this fact, little was reported. As we speak we have now “well being journalists” who write about present analysis on new cures for ailments, and wholesome existence that assist stop illness. Equally, the time has come for “peace journalists” to jot down not solely about violence or warfare, however its causes, prevention and methods to revive peace.

This type of journalism is new to the world and really troublesome and difficult to pursue. This idea is but to take roots in any nation. We now have to see to it that it grows and turns into productive and offers options slightly than merely placing out details and figures.

A multi-religious, multi-ethnic, multilingual and multicultural nation like India wants “peace journalism” probably the most. The sooner we develop it, the simpler it is going to be for us to get out of the “battle zone”.

The author is chairman of editorial board of Lokmat Media and former member of Rajya Sabha

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