| Pune |
October 11, 2020 10:22:15 pm
India’s first Hydrogen Gas Cell (HFC) electrical hybrid automobile efficiently accomplished its maiden take a look at run final week in Pune.
This indigenously developed know-how was a collaborative effort between scientists from two Council of Scientific and Industrial Analysis (CSIR) labs – Nationwide Chemical Laboratory (NCL), Pune and Central Electro Chemical Analysis Institute (CECRI), Karaikudi together with KPIT, Pune.
The know-how, developed over 4 years, has the potential to scale back dependence on petrol and diesel as soon as launched in markets. This might imply fewer polluting emissions as a result of gasoline combustion from autos.
Within the HFC know-how, hydrogen gasoline from the on-board gasoline cylinder interacts with the Membrane Electrode Meeting (MEA) from the anode facet to supply protons (positively charged particles) and electrons (negatively charged particles). The protons, after passing by way of the proton change membrane, interacts with oxygen from the native air out there on the cathode facet to supply water. The electrons stream by way of the surface circuit and produce electrical energy.
“Not like autos operating on fossil fuels, which emit polluting gases like carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide, the one by-product in HFC know-how is water,” mentioned Harshwardhan Pol, venture chief from NCL.
Within the current demonstration, KPIT made use of an present battery operated automobile wherein a 10 kW electrical (kWe) cell stack was retrofitted.
Deepesh Gujarathi, venture chief, KPIT, mentioned a automobile might journey no less than 400 km in a single hydrogen fill cycle. This was true for Indian highway driving situations and when the car pace was maintained at 60–65 kmh.
Relying on the car, the variety of the HFC meeting stacks may be different, mentioned Santoshkumar Bhat from CECRI.
“One other benefit is that this HFC is no less than 5 to 6 instances lighter than the standard HFCs presently out there in India,” mentioned Bhat, the CECRI venture lead.
In accordance with specialists, this know-how is healthier suited to heavy business autos like vehicles or buses, reasonably than passenger vehicles, and KPIT can be creating the same know-how for commercials autos.
“Usually, business autos carry a variety of lifeless weight within the type of a number of heavy batteries required to cowl lengthy distances. Since hydrogen is the lightest gasoline, the HFC substitute will tackle the issue,” Gujarathi mentioned.
Upkeep of this hybrid car might be required solely as soon as in 5 years, specialists mentioned. “The cell stacks may be simply changed. We estimate such a requirement solely after completion of no less than 20,000 steady operating hours,” mentioned Gujarathi.
However so as to make this know-how commercially out there, hydrogen refilling infrastructure, identical to charging or fuelling stations for electrical, petrol or diesel autos, should be arrange.
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