Cultivation of cashew, a tree crop that after dominated the Western Ghats areas of Goa, Coastal Karnataka and Kerala, has discovered its approach into the non-traditional areas in plains throughout the nation.
Following the federal government’s thrust to develop cashew cultivation within the nation, farmers have been taking over cultivation of the nuts throughout a number of States.
Gurunath Odugoudar, a farmer from the Gadag district in North Karnataka, mentioned main growth programme started about three years in the past in his area.
Some farmers who had taken up cashew cultivation in a non-traditional space like Gadag 5 years in the past, are very proud of the returns when in comparison with different plantation crops corresponding to mango and subject crops like groundnut.
Odugoudar mentioned cashew cultivation is most well-liked as a result of it incurs fewer upkeep prices, is straightforward to reap, is non-perishable in nature and simple to market.
Agreeing with this, Santosh Saranadagoudar, a cashew grower from the Koppal district of Karnataka, mentioned that growers can harvest the crop at their comfort and retailer it. Many different horticulture crops grown within the Koppal area should be harvested when prepared and brought to the market instantly.
Terming cashew as a assure crop, Saranadagoudar, who grows the nuts in about 10 acres, mentioned it’s simple to handle and keep.
Stating that plain areas corresponding to Gadag and Koppal noticed low rainfall from 2013-18, Saranadagoudar mentioned there was extreme water shortage in the summertime. Many farmers who had been depending on rain-fed mango plantations, had been affected throughout April-Might. Following this, some farmers began planting cashew as an intercrop with mango in Gadag area because it required much less watering in summer season in comparison with different horticultural crops within the area, he mentioned.
Odugoudar mentioned that uncooked cashew from Gadag had fetched premium charges, about ₹20-30 extra per kg, in comparison with conventional space produce within the earlier years.
It’s not simply farmers within the dry lands of North Karnataka are have diversified into cashew cultivation. The world below cashew has been increasing in States corresponding to Tamil Nadu, Odisha and Andhra Pradesh, amongst others, mentioned Venkatesh Hubballi, Director of the Kochi-based Directorate of Cashew and Cocoa Improvement.
Cashew cultivation could be expanded to a different 14 lakh hectares along with the present 11 lakh hectares within the nation because the consumption of the nuts has been rising by 15-20 per cent yearly, Hubballi added.
Manufacturing of uncooked cashew nuts within the nation stood at 7.42 lakh tonnes throughout 2018-19 as towards 6.70 lakh tonnes in 2015-16.
Bola Rahul Kamath, proprietor of the Karkala-based Bola Surendra Kamath & Sons, had just lately instructed BusinessLine that India imported round 7.5 lakh tonnes of uncooked cashew nuts in 2019.
Hubballi mentioned round 78,434 hectares have been introduced below cashew cultivation in conventional and non-traditional areas between 2015-16 and 2019-20 by the efforts of Central and State governments.
Stating that Odisha is main within the growth of space below cashew cultivation, Hubballi mentioned it’s overlaying greater than 10,000 hectares per yr. Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu come subsequent.
There may be good potential to develop cashew cultivation in Karnataka, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Gujarat as properly.
“India might grow to be self-reliant in cashew manufacturing, if all of the 14 lakh hectares come below cashew cultivation. There can be no must import in any respect,” Hubballi added.
Okay Prakash Rao, companion on the Mangaluru-based Kalbavi Cashews, mentioned that when the cashew sapling was first launched by the Portuguese to Goa, cultivation unfold to neighbouring States of Karnataka and Kerala. Following this, the cashew-processing business developed and was concentrated in these three States. With cashew plantations increasing to Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh, they, too, turned processing centres.
Now, with mechanisation changing into the order of the day, cashew processing services have been arising throughout the nation, the place the imported uncooked cashew nuts are processed.
Rao mentioned Gujarat has over 50 cashew processing models, all within the tiny and MSME sector. Equally, factories are actually arising in Mumbai, Delhi, and Rajasthan, Rao mentioned.
To a question on the prospects of establishing processing models in non-traditional areas, Odugoudar mentioned Gadag farmers have deliberate for it below the Rurban scheme.
India has round three,000 cashew processing models, together with these within the tiny and MSME sector. In line with Karnataka Cashew Producers’ Affiliation, the State has round 300 cashew processing models.